Terrorist acts in Moscow metro: Black Widow Young girl Shahid Portrait who blasted Park Gorky MOSCOW METRO Station. The first attack in the history of the Moscow metro occurred on 8 January 1977. Then, in Moscow there have been three almost simultaneous explosions. In the train station between stations Izmailovskaya and Pervomajskaya explosion, resulting in 7 people were killed and 37 injuries of varying severity. A little later, in Moscow there were two explosions: one – in the grocery store on the street Dzerzhinsky (now Bolshaya Lubyanka), the second street on October 25. Information about the attacks appeared in the media only two days later. Three months later on charges in the bombing were arrested three people from the Caucasus. Their trial was secret. All figures of the were sentenced to death.
June 11, 1996 in the train between stations “Tula” and “Nagatinskaja” exploded an improvised explosive device: 4 people killed, 14 received various injuries. The explosion of one car was destroyed and others damaged. Passengers had to walk to the nearest station. An explosive device explosive type, equivalent in power to one kilogram of TNT, were placed under the seat in the car, where there was a technical equipment composition. 7 December 1997 were detained two suspected terrorist attack, whose names were not disclosed. Responsibility for the explosion itself took the Chechen separatists, but many later sources do not confirm this information. The most famous of the field commanders of the Chechen separatists at the time – Shamil Basayev and Salman Raduyev – did not make statements about his attitude to this terrorist attack.
August 8, 2000 an explosion in the underpass at the Pushkinskaya metro station in central Moscow. 13 people were killed and more than 90 injured.
February 5, 2001 at 18.45 explosion occurred at the station “Belarus”. Bomb was planted under a marble bench, located on the platform. Thanks to the great weight bench, which softened the blow, the impact of the explosion were not so great.
February 6, 2004 in the Moscow subway, there was another terrorist attack. At 8.30 am blast in a train on the stretch between the stations Avtozavodskaya and Paveletskaya. Bomb capacity of 4 pounds of TNT detonated a suicide bomber. The blast killed 41 people, not counting himself a terrorist. Over 250 were injured.
August 31, 2004 at 20.50 Moscow time, flew bomber attack in the lobby of station “Riga”. 10 deaths, as well as the very terrorist and her accomplice. About 50 people were injured varying degrees of severity. Nicholas Kipkeev, accidentally killed an accomplice of a terrorist, was twice convicted head of “Karachay jamaat. According to investigators, he was involved in the bombings and the bus stops in Voronezh. Of the blast at the “Riga”, on the stretch Avtozavodskaya – Paveletskaya and Voronezh were later merged into one, and three accomplices were convicted terrorists MOSCOW METRO TERROR CINEMASCAPE The two Metro stations targeted were Lubyanka and Park Kultury both in the center of Moscow.
The death toll from the bomb attacks on two Moscow underground stations has reached 38 people. More than 60 others were injured in the explosions during the crowded morning rush hour. Officials say the explosives were detonated by two female suicide bombers likely to be connected with North Caucasus terrorist groups.
Lilia Shevtsova – about the political consequences of terrorist attacks interview by Lyudmila Telen
Explosions in Moscow would lead to a hardening of the political regime? What forces can take tragedy in their own interests? These and other issues leading researcher of the Moscow Carnegie Center said in an interview with Radio Liberty.
– Can we assume that a series of terrorist attacks in the Moscow metro will have political consequences?
– In any state act of terrorism is always political implications. This happens even in the most developed democracies. Remember September 11, 2001. The Bush administration immediately engaged the administrative and repressive resource. In fact, in the United States there was restriction of civil rights and liberties.
– That is the tightening of the political regime in any case in Russia is now a foregone conclusion?
– No, there are other examples. For example, the terrorist bombing in London’s subway in 2005 – the British did not have to restrict the rights of citizens. They went the other way: to borrow a security system to transport. As a result, they managed to create quite an effective mechanism for protecting the people.
– Experience of the last decade makes you think that Russia soon would follow a repressive ways.
– Yes, if you consider the fact that the political system in Russia is not democratic. In this system, the main thing – security, first and foremost, the state and authorities, and only then – the population. So, given our experience I do not rule out that Russia’s authorities will have more restrictions on political and civil liberties. In this regard, I would have thought of two episodes from our recent past. This, above all, in 1999, the apartment bombings in Moscow. Then the terrorist attacks were justified and the reason for the second Chechen war. Another episode – in 2004, the tragedy in Beslan. These events are odd and even, paradoxically, led to serious changes in Russia’s Constitution. In particular, were abolished gubernatorial elections, tightened electoral laws.
– Do you think that the next tightening may also be associated with the election?
– Hypothetically, yes. The following year, Russia is entering the next election cycle, we have an election in the State Duma. A year later, in 2012, the presidential election. I do not exclude that in the structure of Russia’s power is the force that in this political situation will want to follow the tried and tested path. Work the same pattern. The attack – a threat to national security – the tightening of the regime. However, this raises an important question: how power structures – and they are here transmission belt – are able to realize such a scenario. We can see how demoralized the same police … I would describe the situation well. The temptation is guaranteed to retain power, including using repressive methods, in some of Russia’s elite, of course, there is. The temptation is, with good opportunities. This is for the authorities – a problem.
– You talk about a possible tightening of Russia’s political regime, but it is so soft and not name. There is where to go?
– In such systems, which originated in our country, the escalation of repressive methods always possible. Especially in situations where the power begins to feel some uncertainty, and instability.
– You say “power”, implying that it is a monolith. But perhaps the terrorist acts in Moscow will be used in the struggle between the various power groupings?
– I honestly do not see any serious factional struggle within Russia’s power. I think anyone who speaks about it, admits a certain exaggeration. Perhaps realizing – many want to see the power is not as cohesive. But in my opinion, and this tragedy is unlikely to lead to a significant demarcation in power. If only for pragmatic reasons.
– It is stated that the tragic events in Moscow discovered Caucasian trace.
– The ongoing civil war in the North Caucasus – is that at any moment can be used as a cover for the internal squabbles within the government. And the tightening of the political regime in general.